Some of the animals that are rated as the most intelligent may surprise you! We will start with the least intelligent of the 5 and finish off with the most intelligent. Can you guess which animals are the smartest? I will bet that you already know a few of them, but I think that some of the animals listed here might just surprise you!
Elephants are the largest mammals in the planet. Because they are so large, elephants never run. When attacked, elephants basically trod very fast to escape.
Elephants have an incredible memory, which is where the saying comes from, “An elephant never forgets”. For instance, if someone has hurt an elephant in the past, it stays in its memory for a long time. An elephant also remembers their friends who have been kind to them.
They can follow a path to water and other landmarks that they haven’t travelled to in years. They are a very social animal, which means they are friendly to many other animals. They will help other animals, even people. They have one of the closet knit families in the whole animal kingdom. When an elephant in the herd is hurt, other elephants will help it. When a baby elephant complains, they will go over and caress it. Elephants also are sad when an elephant in the herd dies.
Elephants have what is called “cultural memory”. This means that elephants can pass along information from one generation to another.
Elephants can mimic sounds they hear and can even paint with their trunks. They cry, work, play, laugh and use tools from their environment. They also have the ability to recognize themselves in the mirror. Elephants can also be trained to perform tricks in the circus.
Monkeys in general are also extremely intelligent and also share most of the same characteristics as people. Scientists have done many studies on them. They have an excellent memory and have the ability to learn new things and make their own decisions.
They use expressions on their faces that are much the same as what we use. They can recognize one person from another as well as basic shapes and colors.
Monkeys can also communicate using sign language. They can communicate to each other by calling out using different sounds. They can make different shapes or gestures with their bodies or arms to communicate with other monkeys. Monkeys attack their enemies and protect themselves by making dead branches fall on to their attackers. They also throw things such as fruits or other objects at the predators.
Whales are some of the largest mammals. The length of a whale is about the same size as 150 small cars. Unlike other sea creatures such as fish, whales need to come out of the water for air because they are mammals. Therefore, although they live in the deep seas, once in a while they can be found near sandy beaches. Also, just like dolphins, whales can jump up and down in the water in search of fresh air.
Whales have very large brains, even larger than human brains. With this large brain they can adapt to their environment and improve their survival tactics. Scientists have found these special cells in whales called spindle cells. These are the cells in people that are related to love and emotion and have only been found in one other animal, the great ape.
Studies have shown that whales can solve problems and use tools and that they show grief and joy, especially when a family member dies. Whales are excellent at working and hunting together. Whales like to stick together and they have a way to communicate, even over long distances.
Dolphins are not only adorable but have very large brains and are extremely intelligent animals. They are very social and live in pods of up to a dozen other dolphins. They can communicate with each other using whistles, clicks and other noises.
One very interesting fact is that dolphins sleep with only one part of their brain in sleep mode at a time, so half of their brain stays awake and the other half asleep. Since they are mammals, this allows them to breathe and watch for possible predators.
Dolphins have amazing eyesight and can hear sound ten times or more above the upper limit of a person. Their teeth act like an antenna and receive incoming sound so they can tell the exact location of an object.
Dolphins know how to solve puzzles, work together, follow instructions and learn from things that have happened in the past. The female dolphin will pass on her knowledge to her calves.
Dolphins can learn a large amount of commands by people. They are sometimes used by the military for things such as finding mines, rescuing lost or trapped people and delivering messages between ships.
Dolphins have the ability to care which has been shown where one dolphin will risk its life to save another dolphin or a person.
01. Great Apes
Apes are nearest to human beings when it comes to physical characteristics. It is not surprising that apes are considered as one of the smartest animals in the world, next only to people. In fact, apes are so intelligent that they have their own basic language and society, and are naturally curious. Some apes are so intelligent they are not only able to use tools, but also make basic tools.
Great Apes can communicate using sign language, body shapes or sounds. They can understand each other using basic body movements or gestures. Great Apes are very social and live in packs to prevent attacks from predators. They take care of their children until they are old enough to survive on their own.
One surprising fact is that 98% of the great ape’s genes are the same as ours. They can recognize themselves in the mirror, and just like us, they can kiss, snuggle, tickle, laugh, and can count. They are very trainable and have their own language.
They have what is called “joint attention”, which means an ape can focus on an object when another ape is pointing at it. Pointing can mean using their finger, head or even eye movement.
They are also very social and love making friends with other animals. Great Apes have large brains and can memorize many things in their environment.